Can the Paragard IUD Cause Toxicity and Inflammation?

Can the Paragard IUD Cause Toxicity and Inflammation?

For many women, Paragard — a copper intrauterine device (IUD) — is the only alternative to hormonal birth control. Paragard prevents pregnancy by creating an inflammatory environment that prevents sperm from reaching the egg and fertilizing it. It may also prevent implantation of a fertilized egg. From a scientific standpoint, the copper ions cause an endometrial change that causes sperm migration, quality, and viability (such as motility) to be hindered. (1) If the Paragard causes an “inflammatory environment,” the following questions arise: is the copper IUD a safe alternative to traditional birth control methods? Does the IUD cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or result in copper toxicity? What about low levels of inflammation throughout the body?

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